How the Great Stemma Adapts Luke

Notes

Whose Gospels? The Great Stemma would seem to have been drawn up using a Latin gospel book containing a different text from the Vulgate. The likely source, as I have discussed elsewhere on this site, is a Vetus Latina compilation of scripture. Many omissions from the canonical text of Luke are evident in the diagram. This page surveys those omissions and will explore whether they might prove anything about the Great Stemma's place and time of origin.

Here is a tabulation comparing the 77 generations set out by the Greek (Nestle-Aland) text of Luke 3:23-38, the omission of eight of those generations by the Great Stemma, and of six generations by the Liber Genealogus. An e (Codex Palatinus Purpureus) and b (Codex Colbertinus) Vetus Latina text as well as the names given in the Vulgate are appended. The discussion uses sigla (single-letter codes) that are conventional in New Testament studies. Wikipedia provides a key to such sigla.[*]The Nestle and e lists are from Heer, Joseph Michael. Die Stammb�ume Jesu nach Matth�us und Lukas, Ihre Urspr�ngliche Bedeutung und Textgestalt und Ihre Quellen: Eine Exegetisch-kritische Studie. Freiburg-im-Breisgau [Germany]: Herder, 1910. pp 60-63. I am grateful to Christophe Guignard for patiently explaining these issues to me.

Greek Gt Stemma L. Geneal. Codex e Codex b Vulgate
1 Jesus 1 Jesus 1 Jesus 1 Ihesus 1 Jesus 1 Jesus
2 Mary 2 Mary
3 Joachim 3 Joachim
2 Joseph 4 Joseph 4 Joseph 2 Josef 2 Joseph 2 Joseph
3 Heli 5 Eli 3 Elii 3 Heli
4 Matthat 6 Natha 4 Matthei 4 Matthat
5 Levi 5 Levi 7 Levi 5 Levi 3 Levi 5 Levi
6 Melchi 6 Melchi 8 Melchi 6 Melchi 4 Melchi 6 Melchi
7 Jannai 7 Jannai 9 Jannai 7 Annae 5 Jannai 7 Jannai
8 Joseph 8 Joseph 10 Joseph 8 Joseph 6 Joseph 8 Joseph
9 Mattathias 9 Mattathias
10 Amos 10 Amos
11 Nahum 9 Nahum 11 Nahum 9 Natum 7 Nahum 11 Nahum
12 Hesli 10 Aedi 8 Hesli 12 Hesli
13 Naggai 11 Naggae 9 Naggai 13 Naggai
14 Mahath 14 Mahath
15 Mattathias 10 Mattathias 12 Mattathias 12 Mattatiae 10 Mattathias 15 Mattathias
16 Semein 11 Semein 13 Semein 13 Semein 11 Semein 16 Semein
17 Josech 12 Josech 14 Josech 14 Josec 12 Josech 17 Josech
18 Joda 13 Joda 15 Joda 15 Judae 13 Joda 18 Joda
19 Joanan 14 Joanan 16 Joanan 16 Joannae 14 Joanan 19 Joanan
20 Rhesa 15 Rhesa 17 Rhesa 17 Sarec 15 Rhesa 20 Rhesa
21 Zerubbabel 16 Zerubbabel 18 Zerubbabel 18 Zorobabel 16 Zerubbabel 21 Zerubbabel
22 Shealtiel 17 Shealtiel 19 Shealtiel 19 Salatiel 17 Shealtiel 22 Shealtiel
23 Neri 18 Neri 20 Neri 20 Neri 18 Neri 23 Neri
24 Melchi 19 Melchi 21 Melchi 21 Melchi 19 Melchi 24 Melchi
25 Addi 20 Addi 22 Addi 22 Asdi 20 Addi 25 Addi
26 Cosam 21 Cosam 23 Cosam 23 Caese 21 Cosam 26 Cosam
27 Elmadam 22 Elmadam 24 Elmadam 24 Etmadam 22 Elmadam 27 Elmadam
28 Er 23 Er 25 Er 25 Ier 23 Er 28 Er
29 Joshua 24 Joshua 26 Joshua 26 Jesu 24 Joshua 29 Joshua
30 Eliezer 25 Eliezer 27 Eliezer 27 Eliazar 25 Eliezer 30 Eliezer
31 Jorim 26 Jorim 28 Jorim 28 Jorim 26 Jorim 31 Jorim
32 Matthat 27 Matthat 29 Matthat 29 Matal 27 Matthat 32 Matthat
33 Levi 28 Levi 30 Levi 30 Levi 28 Levi 33 Levi
34 Simeon 29 Simeon 31 Simeon 31 Simeon 29 Simeon 34 Simeon
35 Judah 30 Judah 32 Judah 32 Judeae 30 Judah 35 Judah
36 Joseph 31 Joseph 33 Joseph 33 Josefh 31 Joseph 36 Joseph
37 Jonam 32 Jonam 34 Jonam 34 Jonam 32 Jonam 37 Jonam
38 Eliakim 33 Eliakim 35 Eliakim 35 Eliacim 33 Eliakim 38 Eliakim
39 Melea 34 Melea 39 Melea
40 Menna 34 Menna 36 Menna 36 Enam 35 Menna 40 Menna
41 Mattatha 35 Mattatha 37 Mattatha 37 Mattatiae 36 Mattatha 41 Mattatha
42 Nathan 36 Nathan 38 Nathan 38 Natam 37 Nathan 42 Nathan
43 David 37 David 39 David 39 David 38 David 43 David
44 Jesse 38 Jesse 40 Jesse 40 Eseiae 39 Jesse 44 Jesse
45 Obed 39 Obed 41 Obed 41 Obeth 40 Obed 45 Obed
46 Boaz 40 Boaz 42 Boaz 42 Boos 41 Boaz 46 Boaz
47 Salmon 41 Salmon 43 Salmon 43 Salmon 42 Salmon 47 Salmon
48 Nahshon 42 Nahshon 44 Nahshon 44 Nassem 43 Nahshon 48 Nahshon
49 Amminadab 43 Amminadab 45 Amminadab 45 Aminadab 44 Amminadab 49 Amminadab
50 Admin 46 Aram
51 Ram (Arni) 44 Ram 46 Ram 47 Irram 45 Ram 50 Ram
52 Hezron 45 Hezron 47 Hezron 48 Esrom 46 Hezron 51 Hezron
53 Pharez 46 Pharez 48 Pharez 49 Phares 47 Pharez 52 Pharez
54 Judah 47 Judah 49 Judah 50 Judae 48 Judah 53 Judah
55 Jacob 48 Jacob 50 Jacob 51 Jacob 49 Jacob 54 Jacob
56 Isaac 49 Isaac 51 Isaac 52 Isac 50 Isaac 55 Isaac
57 Abraham 50 Abraham 52 Abraham 53 Abraham 51 Abraham 56 Abraham
58 Terah 51 Terah 53 Terah 54 Jarae 52 Terah 57 Terah
59 Nahor 52 Nahor 54 Nahor 55 Nacor 53 Nahor 58 Nahor
60 Serug 53 Serug 55 Serug 56 Seruth 54 Serug 59 Serug
61 Reu 54 Reu 56 Reu 57 Racau 55 Reu 60 Reu
62 Peleg 55 Peleg 57 Peleg 58 Falec 56 Peleg 61 Peleg
63 Eber 56 Eber 58 Eber 59 Eber 57 Eber 62 Eber
64 Shelah 57 Shelah 59 Shelah 60 Salae 58 Shelah 63 Shelah
65 Cainan 61 Thamon 59 Cainan 64 Cainan
66 Arphaxad 58 Arphaxad 60 Arphaxad 62 Arfaxa 60 Arphaxad 65 Arphaxad
67 Shem 59 Shem 61 Shem 63 Seth 61 Shem 66 Shem
68 Noah 60 Noah 62 Noah 64 Noe 62 Noah 67 Noah
69 Lamech 61 Lamech 63 Lamech 65 Lameth 63 Lamech 68 Lamech
70 Methuselah 62 Methuselah 64 Methuselah 66 Matusalae 64 Methuselah 69 Methuselah
71 Enoch 63 Enoch 65 Enoch 67 Enoc 65 Enoch 70 Enoch
72 Jared 64 Jared 66 Jared 66 Jared 71 Jared
73 Mahalalel 65 Mahalalel 67 Mahalalel 68 Alet 67 Mahalalel 72 Mahalalel
74 Cainain 66 Cainain 68 Cainain 69 Cainan 68 Cainain 73 Cainain
75 Enosh 67 Enosh 69 Enosh 70 Enos 69 Enosh 74 Enosh
76 Seth 68 Seth 70 Seth 71 Seth 70 Seth 75 Seth
77 Adam 69 Adam 71 Adam 72 Adam 71 Adam 76 Adam

The final-row totals representing the two Joachimite documents reflect a gain of two because of the inclusion of the extra two non-evangelical generations, those of Mary and Joachim. The inclusion of a second Joshua in the Clementine Vulgate, the Roman Catholic text (after number 29 in the above Vulgate series), will be left out of this discussion. The various omissions of names are conveniently listed online by Wieland Willker in his compilation of variants in Luke at TVU 40. (Warning: this is a large pdf file.)

Several points stand out from my comparison:

Other evidence that a "low-count" Lucan genealogy list was in wide circulation at an early date can be found in Irenaeus's observation:

Luke points out that the pedigree which traces the generation of our Lord back to Adam contains seventy-two generations. [*]Irenaeus, Adversus haereses, 3.22.3. Heer (above) argues that Irenaeus was reporting the oldest and least-corrupt tradition.

It would be conceivable that Irenaeus was using a version of Luke such as that offered by e.

It is entirely plausible from the omissions to assume that the Great Stemma was drawn up using a Vetus Latina version of Luke (though none of the versions of the Vetus Latina which are extant today entirely match all of these omissions) and that the Liber Genealogus faithfully followed the diagram with the exception of one amendment, the re-insertion of Heli and "Natha".

One might advance an alternative hypothesis that the author of the Great Stemma tampered with the Lucan list to provide greater credibility for his inclusion of two extra generations (Joachim and Mary), but I cannot at the present time see any positive argument for such a hypothesis.

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