Album of Science

Notes

When John E. Murdoch published his Album of Science: Antiquity and the Middle Ages in 1984, it was hardly to be expected that even 30 years later, no book would have been able to supplant it as the best single-volume survey of pre-modern scientific diagrams.[*]Murdoch, John E. Album of Science: Antiquity and the Middle Ages. New York: Scribner, 1984.

Interest has been growing in how diagrams affect culture, innovation and philosophy.[*]Hentschel, Klaus. Visual Cultures in Science and Technology: A Comparative History. OUP Oxford, 2014. But strangely, in this new multidisciplinary community, very few researchers have followed the pragmatic plan established by Murdoch (1927-2010), conducting research on the diagrams themselves and how they actually work. The vacuum that Bruce Eastwood noted in a review of Murdoch's book has still not been overcome. None can rival Murdoch's encylopaedic knowledge of scientific visualization over so many centuries. His compact essays explaining each diagram model continue to provide points of departure where every later scholar can begin, either quoting Murdoch's precis as the settled view or disagreeing with it.

In 1984, no one could have foreseen that book technology for this purpose, publishing early drawings by means of under-sized, grey-scale screen-printing, was nearly obsolete. It has since been superseded by digital publication of high-resolution, software-enhanced images in colour. Many western archives have now digitized significant parts of their holdings and have published these page-by-page images on web portals.

This page will attempt to bring Murdoch's out-of-print work up to date technologically by providing links to as many as possible of the 473 images found in the Album. You can read the book and this table together. The greater part of Murdoch's image collection may not have been digitized yet, but this page provides a reference site where it will be possible for diagram researchers to report the arrival of further images online. Once this table is fuller, it will be possible to use this table as a jumping-off point for your own browsing in the history of diagrams, even without Murdoch's book to hand.

To the best of my knowledge, there is still no large publicly accessible database which curates copies of a broad array of early scientific images or links to them. The German academic Gerd Graßhoff led a project from 2000 onwards at the University of Berne to systematically compare images from Bruce Eastwood's huge collection of early astronomy diagrams, but as far as I know, no public resource was ever created from this stock.

In the table below, rows in yellow mark those images that are accessible online. Click on the asterisks to open the links.


No. Murdoch Title Repository L Shelfmark Notes
000 Scipio's Dream England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Can Class Lat 257, fol. Iv
001 Miniaturist and his Apprentice Czech Republic, Prague, Universitni Knihovna   MS Kap. A. XXI, fol. 133r
002 Writing of papyri   Mastaba of Ka-ni-nesut, Giza, Egypt
003 Authors and their entourage Turkey, Istanbul, Library of the Suleymaniye Mosque   MS Esad Efendi 3638, fol. 3v
004 Monk as scribe England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Bodl 602, fol. 36r
005 Medieval dictation France, Epinal, Bibliothèque municipale   MS 73, fol. lr
006 Aristotle in triplicate France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 16141, fol. 25r
007 The commentary format France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 17155, fol. 327v
008 Well-used text England, London, Wellcome Historical Medical Library   MS Or 10a, fol. Iv
009 Finding one's way around a medieval text Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana   lat 2159, fol. 85r
010 Production of illustration and text Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana   Chigi F.VII.159, fol. 236v
011 An illustration from sketch to final version France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 7330, fols. 36v, 41v
012 Unfinished illustration France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 14716, fol. 17r
013 From margin into text Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana   Chigi E.VI.197 , fol. 135r
014 A test diagram Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana ** Pal lat 1581, fol. 70r
015 Deleted illustration England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Can Class Lat 257, fols. 15v- 16r
016 Medieval model book Austria, Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek   507, fol. 7v
017 Model geometric figures Czech Republic, Prague, Knihovna Metropolitni Kapituli   MS M.100 ( 1459) , fol. 53r
018 Model book with built-in possibility for reproduction Mass., Harvard, University, Houghton Library   MS Typ 101 H
019 Tradition in copying illustrations Netherlands, Leiden, University Library   BPL 144, fol. 38v
019 Tradition in copying illustrations Austria, Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek   13440, fol. 4r
020 Illustrations with immediate offspring Germany, Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek   CLM 13002, fol. 3r
020 Illustrations with immediate offspring Germany, Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek   CLM 17403, fol. 4v
021 Arbor virtutum England, London, British Library   Ar 83, fol. 129r
022 Medieval table of contents England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Digby 190, fol. 181v
023 Combinations of the elements England, London, British Library   Harl 4348, fol. 26v
024 Canon table for Matthew and Luke England, London, British Library   Cott Nero D.IV, fol. 14v
025 On order in the universe France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 7377B, fols. 126v- 127r
026 Ready reference astrology Germany, Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek   CLM 10268, fol. 107r
027 Turning text into table France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 8500, fol. 34v
028 Divisio scientarium I England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Add. C.144, fol. 64v
029 Divisio scientarium II England, London, British Library   Egert 935, fol. 36r
030 Divisio scientarium III France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 8500, fol. 33v
031 Divisio scientarium IV England, Oxford, St John's College   17, fol. 7r
032 Divisio scientarium V Switzerland, Basel   F. II. 8, fol. 45r
033 What types of fallacies and why? Austria, Vienna, Dominikanerbibliothek,   MS 160/ 130, fol. 26v
034 Virtues, vices and the sciences France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   NAL 1401, fols. 40r- 40v
035 Dichotomy with figures Italy, Naples, Biblioteca Nazionale   XIII.G.38, fol. 5r
036 Parts and practice of medicine Germany, Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek   CLM 13046, fol. 39v
037 Consanguinity Tree I Switzerland, Bern, Burgerbibliothek   Bern 36, fol. 57v
038 Consanguinity Tree II Switzerland, Bern, Burgerbibliothek   Bern 263, fol. 14r
039 Consanguinity Tree III New York, NYC, Pierpont Morgan Library   MS Glazer 37, leaf I
040 Arbor prophetarium France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 3473, fol. 80v
041 The kinship of pagan gods France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 7877, fol. 79v
042 Knowledge and the ages of man France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 15125, fol. 48v
043 Tree of Porphyry England, London, British Library   Roy 8.A.XVIII, fol. 3v
044 Aristotelean logic England, London, British Library   Burn 275, fol. 166r
045 Dichotomy bearing angel England, London, British Library   Ar 83, fol. 130v
046 Wheel of the month France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 4860, fol. 99v
047 Wheel of the seasons France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 4860, fol. 100r
048 Wheel of the planets I France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 4860, fol. 103v
048 Wheek of the planets I France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 6649, fol. 16r
049 Wheel of the planets II Germany, Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek   CLM 14353, fol. 75r
050 Wheel of consanguinity Maryland, Baltimore, Walters   W.73, fol. 9r
051 Rota computistica England, Oxford, St John's College   17, fol. 27r
052 Muslim calendaric wheel Germany, Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek   Arab 454, fol. 42v
053 Measuring moonshine England, Oxford, St John's College   17, fol. 81v
054 Rising and setting points Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana   lat 2056, fol. 55v
055 All must be perfect: the reduction of syllogisms France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 14716, fol. 62r
056 World by combinations England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Can Misc 26, fo ls. 3v- 4r
057 Circles and the bible England, London, British Library   Cott Tiberius C.I, fol. 5v
058 A circle of life England, London, British Library   Ar 83, fol. 126r
059 Fundamental relations of propositions England, London, British Library   Burn 275, fol. 279v
060 Construction of syllogisms England, London, British Library   Burn 275, fol. 193r
061 Relation of propositions advanced course France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 14716, fol. 17v
061 Relation of propositions advanced course   Juan Celaya, Expositio ... in primum tractatum Summularum Magistri Petri Hispani (1525)
062 Opposition within the text England, London, British Library   Burn 275, fol. 287r
063 Mathematics of musical intervals France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 7361, fol. 59v
064 Aristotelean natural philosophy in a square of opposition France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   fr. 1082, fol. 53v
065 Eye diseases in circle and square Egypt, Cairo, National Library   MS Tibb Taymur 100, p. 7
066 Opposition of the elements England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Digby 119, fol. 147r
067 Setting limits to what exists and can be Germany, Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek   CLM 26838, fol. 202v
068 Astronomical acrostic France, Paris, Musee du Louvre   Letronne papyrus I. 2.325
069 Medieval "Thirty days hath September" England, Oxford, St John's College   17, fol. 14r
070 Barbara and her friends France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 16533, fol. 66v
071 Mnemonics for numerals Germany, Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek   CGM 4413, fols. 160v- 161r
072 Logical card game, or the whole of dialectic by memory   Thomas Murner, Logica memorativa (1509)
073 Picturing the divisions of speculative theology Germany, Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek   CLM 697, fols. 150v- 151r
074 Literally manual arithmetic France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 3352B, fol. 2r
075 Hand of Bede England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Digby 56, fol. 165v
076 Hand of Guido Italy, Milan, Biblioteca Ambrosiana   D.75 inf, fol. 6r
077 Symbols for the musical scale France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 7207, fol. 211r
078 Signs of knowledge Italy, Venice, Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana   sm. 299, fol. 6r
079 Variant alchemical symbols Netherlands, Leiden, University Library ** VCQ 51, fol. 1v
080 Exposition of zodiacal signs Germany, Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek   CLM 10268, fol. 47v
081 Symbols applied France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   graec 2180, fol. 108r
082 Medieval geometry of measuring towers England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Auct F.3. 13, fol. 112r
083 Egyptian mathematics on leather England, London, British Library   leather roll, Acc. 10250
084 Pythagorean triples New York, NYC, Columbia University   cuneiform tablet, Plimpton 322
085 Multiplication and more England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Can Misc 554, fol. 11 2v
086 Abacist division England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Auct F. 1.9, fol. 32v explanatio presentis tabelle
087 Tabulation of a root extraction procedure Netherlands, Leiden, University Library   Or. 185, fol. 42v
088 Mean motion of the sun France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   graec 2389, fols. 68v- 69r
089 Ancient trigonometry: calculation of chords France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 14738, fol. 9v
090 Almanac for medieval scholars England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Digby 176, fol. 951
091 Islamic Zij France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   arab 2426, fols. 173v- 174r
092 Numbers plus pictures Germany, Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek   CLM 10691, fols. 13v- 14r
093 Data at the ready (perpetual calendar) Scotland, Edinburgh, Crawford Library of the Royal Observatory   MS 5-7
093 Data at the ready   [Johann Lichtenberg], Pronosticatio in latino (1492)
094 Geometric arithmetic England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Can Misc 554, fol. 127v
095 From arithmetic to music England, London, Lambeth Palace Library   67, fol. 62v
096 Square triangular numbers France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 16644, fol. 56v
097 Evenly even, evenly odd and oddly even Germany, Bamberg   H.J.IV.12, fol. 28r
097 Evenly even, evenly odd and oddly even Switzerland, Basel   F.II.33, fol. 74v
098 Generating ratios from equals Switzerland, Basel   F.II.33, fol. 83r
099 Medieval number game England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Auct F.5.28, fol. 16r
100 Basic musical ratios England, London, Lambeth Palace Library   67 , fols. 103r, 104v
101 Transmigrated Boethian figures England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Digby 190, fol. 19 5v
101 Transmigrated Boethian figures Germany, Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek   CLM 10268, fol. 40v
102 Arc diagrams in excess France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 7361, fol. 82r
103 More decorative, less sense France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 7202, fol. 48r
103 More decorative, less sense France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 7361, fol. 101v
104 Genera of tetrachords England, London, Lambeth Palace Library   67, fol. 151v,
104 Genera of tetrachords England, London, British Library   Burn 275, fol. 382v
105 Music theory by monochord England, London, British Library   Harl 5237, fols. 35v- 36r
105 Music theory by monochord Austria, Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek   51, fol. 2r
106 Egyptian geometry England, London, British Library   Rhind Papyrus, Ace. 10057, recto
107 Figures on clay England, London, British Library   cuneiform tablet, Acc. 15285
108 Elegant and useless England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Douce 125, pp. 30-31
108 Elegant and useless France, Paris, Bibliothèque Ste. Genevieve   MS 2200, fol. 154v
109 Supplementing enunciations through figures France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 10257, fol. 12v
109 Supplementing enunciations through figures Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana   Ottob lat 1862, fol. 42r
109 Supplementing enunciations through figures Germany, Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek   CLM 13021, fol. 167r
110 Incomplete figures England, London, British Library   Roy 15.A.XXVIl , fol. 11v
110 Incomplete figures England, London, British Library   Slo 285, fol. 49v
111 The value of figures alone England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Digby 98, fol. 131v
112 Figures with names Italy, Naples, Biblioteca Nazionale   VIII.C.22, fol. 8v
113 Covering all possibilities Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana   Reg lat 1268, fol. 21v
114 Summarizing diagram Switzerland, Bern, Burgerbibliothek   Bern A.50, fol. 198v
115 Falsigrafia Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana   Reg lat 1268, fols. 10v, 5v
116 Drawing conic sections France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   arab 2457, fol. 11 5v
116 Drawing conic sections Turkey, Istanbul, Aya Sofya   2762, unfoliated
116 Drawing conic sections Netherlands, Leiden, University Library   Or. 14(I), p. 117
117 Introductory stereometry Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana   graec 190, fol. 2 13v
118 Specifying the third dimension England, London, British Library   Add 34018, fol. 54v
119 Diagram creates a definition England, London, British Library   Harl 2686, fol. 36r
119 Diagram creates a definition England, London, British Library   Add 15603, fol. 32r
119 Diagram creates a definition France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 8500, fol. 41r
120 Developing tradition in the three-dimensional Germany, Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek   CLM 23511, fol. 24r
120 Developing tradition in the three-dimensional Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana   graec 190, fol. 227r
120 Developing tradition in the three-dimensional England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Auct F .5.28, fol. 4r
120 Developing tradition in the three-dimensional England, London, British Library   Ar 84, fol. 94r
121 Three dimensions better seen as two England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Or 301, fol. 354r
121 Three dimensions better seen as two   Diagrams from Thomas L. Heath, The Thirteen Books of Euclid's Elements (1908), vol. 3, pp. 490 and 487
122 Alternate figures for a single construction Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana   graec 190, fol. 245r
122 Alternate figures for a single construction Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana   Reg lat 1268, fol. 133r
122 Alternate figures for a single construction Italy, Venice, Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana   f.a. 332, fol. 222v
122 Alternate figures for a single construction   Diagrams from Thomas L. Heath, The Thirteen Books of Euclid's Elements (1908), vol. 3, pp. 502 and 499
123 "Pop-up" geometry   The Elements of Geometrie of the most auncient Philosopher Euclide ... translated into the Englishe toung by H Billingsley, London (1570), fols. 331 r and 332r. From copy in Houghton Library, Harvard University
124 Mathematics of the celestial sphere England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Auct F.5.28, fol. 48v
124 Mathematics of the celestial sphere Switzerland, Basel   F.II.33, fol. 116r
125 Epicycle and eccentric France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   graec 2389, fol. 75v
126 Physicalizing the system Germany, Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek   Arab 464, fol. 13r
127 Emendation of the Ptolemaic system Netherlands, Leiden, University Library   Or. 905, fol. 43r
127 Emendation of the Ptolemaic system England, Cambridge, University Library   Add. 3589, fol. 155r
128 Handbook tradition in astronomy I England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Digby 215, fol. 5v
128 Handbook tradition in astronomy I France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 7333, fol. 59v
129 Handbook tradition in astronomy II England, Cambridge, University Library   Kk.I.I , fol. 219v
130 Aiding and adding by figures England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Digby 40, fol. 46r
130 Aiding and adding by figures England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Digby 20, fol. 1v
131 Fortuna of eccentrics Maryland, Baltimore, Walters   W.73, fol. 5r
131 Fortuna of eccentrics England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Auct F .3.25, fol. Iv
132 Fortuna of epicycles England, London, British Library   Ar 377, fol. 101v
132 Fortuna of epicycles England, London, British Library   Roy 12.F.x, fols. 14v, 15r
132 Fortuna of epicycles England, London, British Library   Slo 2424, fol. 20v
133 Reflection and refraction England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Auct F.5 .28, fol. 27r
133 Reflection and refraction England, London, British Library   Slo 2156, fol. 38r
134 Importation of figures for clarification England, Oxford, Corpus Christi College   150, fols. 35v, 36r
134 Importation of figures for clarification England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Ash 424, fol. 77r
135 Degrees of systematization England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Ash 424, fol. 76v
135 Degrees of systematization Turkey, Istanbul, Aya Sofya   2451, fol. 43v
136 Camera obscura Turkey, Istanbul, Aya Sofya   2451, fol. 9r
137 Clarity through numbering and color coding Turkey, Istanbul, Aya Sofya   2451, fol. 33v
138 Detail and system Switzerland, Basel   F.1V.30, fols. 21r, 34r
139 Scientia de ponderibus England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Auct F. 5.28, fol. 110r
140 Physicalizing the geometry I France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 8680A, fol. 8v
140 Physicalizing the geometry I England, London, British Library   Harl 13, fol. 138v
141 Physicalizing the geometry II England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Auct F.5.28, fol. 133r
141 Physicalizing the geometry II Germany, Erfurt, Wissenschaftliche Allgemeinbibliothek   MS Amploniana Quarto 325, fol. 191r
142 Fundamental elements in the doctrine of latitude of forms England, London, British Library   Slo 2156, fol. 164r
142 Fundamental elements in the doctrine of latitude of forms Germany, Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek   CLM 26838, fa. 77r
142 Fundamental elements in the doctrine of latitude of forms England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Can Misc 177, fol. 16r
143 Geometry of the uniformly difform England, London, British Library   Slo 2156, fol. 19 1r
143 Geometry of the uniformly difform Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana   Chigi E.VI.197, fa. 146r
144 Infinite intensities France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 6558, fol. 6r
144 Infinite intensities Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana   Chigi E .V. 197, 137v
145 Latitudo sanitatis Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana   lat 4445, fol. 61v
145 Latitudo sanitatis Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana   lat 4448, fol. 22r
146 Surveyor's end product Germany, Wolfenbüttel, Herzoglichen Bibliothek   MS 36, 23, Aug. 2°, fol. 62v
146 Surveyor's end product Switzerland, Bern, Burgerbibliothek   MS 299. fol 4r
147 Finding cardinal directions Switzerland, Bern, Burgerbibliothek   Bern 87 , fol. 16r
148 Agrimensores material in early medieval Euclid Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana   Barb lat 92 fol 8r
149 Development of practical geometry Germany, Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek   CLM 13021 fol 193v
149 Development of practical geometry England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Auct F. 5.28, fol. 135r
150 Instruments of measure England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Douce 276, fol. 55v
150 Instruments of measure France, Rheims, Cathedral   Tombstone of Hugh Libergiers
151 Ways of measuring and things measured I Turkey, Istanbul, Library of the Seraglio   codex Palatii Veteris 1, fol. 47v
151 Ways of measuring and things measured I England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Can. Ital. 197, fol 61r
152 Ways of measuring and things measured II England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Ash 1522, fol. 72r
152 Ways of measuring and things measured II France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 7 192, fol. 33r
153 Geometry in an architect's sketchbook France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   fr. 19093, fol. 20r
154 Geometry and the alphabet France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 8686, fol. 10v
155 Islamic astronomers Turkey, Istanbul, University Library   MS FY 1404, no fo lio
156 Medical professional Italy, Ostia, Museum   Bas relief
156 Medical professional England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Arab. d. 138, fol. 2v
156 Medical professional France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 6823, fol. 2r
157 Patron saints of medicine Germany, Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek   CLM 12, fol. 3r
158 Contemporaneous details reported England, London, British Library   Cott. Claudius E.IV, fol. 201r
159 Renaissance naturalism and idealization Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana   lat 2094, fol 1r
160 Illuminated table of contents Italy, Bologna, Biblioteca Universitaria   3632, fol. 210r
161 Group portraits England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Ash 304, fol. 2v
161 Group portraits England, London, British Library   Add 10302, fol. 32v
162 Scientists and instruments Italy, Venice, Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana   VE graec. Z.388 , frontispiece
162 Scientists and instruments France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   fr. 565, fol. I Ir
163 Science in a medieval romance England, London, British Library   Roy 20.B.XX, fol. 3r
164 Two stages of a scientist's work England, Eton, College Library   MS 204, fols. Iv- 2r
165 Anatomy true and false Scotland, Glasgow, University Library   MS Hunter 9, fol. 30v
165 Anatomy true and false England, London, British Library   Harl 4425, fol. 59r
166 Preparation of a medical draught Maryland, Baltimore, Walters   Dioscorides MS (Arabic)
167 Practitioners illustrating surgical procedures England, London, British Library   Slo 1975, fol. 93r
167 Practitioners illustrating surgical procedures France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   suppl. turc 693, fol. 106r
168 Practitioners of cautery and orthopedics England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Rawl C.328, fol. 4r
168 Practitioners of cautery and orthopedics Italy, Florence, Bibioteca Medicea Laurenziana   Plut LXXIV, 7, fol. 204v
169 Archimedes of legend Italy, Naples, Biblioteca Nazionale   XIII.G.38, pars III , fol. 70r
170 Aristotle of legend France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 8500, fol. 54v
170 Aristotle of legend   Engraving by the Master of the Amsterdam Cabinet
171 Renaissance and Reformation criticism of the Middle Ages   Erasmus, Encomium moriae (1515), with marginal drawings by Holbein
171 Renaissance and Reformation criticism of the Middle Ages   Holbein broadsheet, Hercules Germanicus
172 Carolingian quadrivium Germany, Bamberg   H.J.IV.12, fol. 9v
173 Liberal arts in a twelth-century encyclopedic work   Hortus Deliciarum, Strasbourg MS, lost
174 Integration of science and religion France, Chartres, Cathedral   west facade, right portal, archivolt
175 Program of Dominican theology and liberal arts Italy, Florence, Santa Maria Novella   Spanish Chapel : Andrea Bonaiuti Fresco
176 Arts,virtues and vices Italy, Milan, Biblioteca Ambrosiana   B.42 inf, fol. 1r
177 Separate personifications France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 8500, fols. 33r, 38r, 41v
178 Personifications in illuminated initials England, London, British Library   Burn 275, fols. 293r, 359v
179 Personifications versus scientists at work England, London, British Library   Add 15692, fol. 29v
179 Personifications versus scientists at work   Gregor Reisch, Margarita philosophica (1517)
180 Personification with contemporary attributes   Thomas Murner, Logica memorativa (1509)
181 A scholar's study England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Can Class Lat 257, no folio
182 Alchemist's shop England, London, British Library   Add 10302, fol. 37r
183 At a clinic, bedside and apothecary shop France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   graec 2243, fol. 10v
183 At a clinic, bedside and apothecary shop France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   fr. 218, fol. 111r
184 Locus of Greek learning Italy, Naples, Museo Nazionale   Roman mosaic depicting Plato's academy
185 Arabic library France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   arab 5847, fol. 5v
186 Spiritual and academic life at a medieval college France, Paris, Archives nationale   MS MM 406, fol. 10v
187 Learning: ordinary and royal France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   fr. 574, fol. 27r
187 Learning: ordinary and royal Italy, Milan, Biblioteca Trivulziana   MS 2167, fol. 13v
188 Codex with a mark of patronage Austria, Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek   MS Med. graec. 1, fol. 6v
189 Dedication miniatures for ancient and medieval works Italy, Florence, Bibioteca Medicea Laurenziana   Plut 82, I, fol. 2v
189 Dedication miniatures for ancient and medieval works France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   fr. 565, fol. 23r
190 Another kind of royal patronage: a king and his master mason England, London, British Library   Cott Nero D. I, fol. 23v
191 Flora, fauna and the heavens England, London, British Library   Slo 1975, fol. 48r
191 Flora, fauna and the heavens England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Bodl 764 fol 10v
191 Flora, fauna and the heavens France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 5543, fol. 167v
192 Papyrus herbal England, London, Wellcome Historical Medical Library   Johnson Papyrus
193 One herb, six centuries Austria, Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek   med. graec. I, fol. 98r
193 One herb, six centuries Germany, Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek   CLM 337, fol. 66r
193 One herb, six centuries Netherlands, Leiden, University Library   VLQ 9, fol. 60v
194 Anthropomorphic plant England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Bodl Arab d. 138, fol. 126r
194 Anthropomorphic plant Germany, Kassel, Landesbibliothek   2° Phys 10, fol. 34v
194 Anthropomorphic plant England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Ash 1462, fol. 67r
194 Anthropomorphic plant Italy, Venice, Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana   VI.59, fol. 53r
195 Herb plus therapy Italy, Florence, Bibioteca Medicea Laurenziana   Plut LXXIII, 16, fol. 44r
195 Herb plus therapy England, London, British Library   Harl 1585, fol. 17r
196 Therapy revealed in a poetic tale France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   suppl. graec 247, fol. 16v
197 Herbal realism England, London, British Library   Egert 2020, fol. 161v
197 Herbal realism Austria, Salzburg, Öffentliche Studienbibliothek   MS V.C.H .166, fol. 173r
198 From pattern to nature: the world of plants in medieval cathedrals France, Paris, Notre Dame   Gothic capital
198 From pattern to nature: the world of plants in medieval cathedrals Germany, Naumburg, Dom   Gothic capital
199 From nature to pattern: an Utrecht psalter tree Belgium, Utrecht, Bibliotheek der Rijksuniversiteit   MS 32, fol. 1r
199 From nature to pattern: an Utrecht psalter tree England, Cambridge, Trinity College Library   MS R.17 .1, fol. 5v Eadwine Psalter
200 Two early bestiaries   Physiologus destroyed: formerly Turkey, Smyrna, Evangelical School B.8, fol. 52r, image in Josef Strzygowski, Der Bilderkreis des griechischen Physiologus [1899], pI. VI
200 Two early bestiaries Switzerland, Bern, Burgerbibliothek   318, fol. 15r
201 Variants in a bestiary illustration: the asp England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Laud Misc 247, fol. 158v
201 Variants in a bestiary illustration: the asp England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Bodl 764, fol. 96r
201 Variants in a bestiary illustration: the asp England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Ash 1511, fol. 80v
202 Birds inside and outside bestiaries England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Bodl 764, fol. 56v
202 Birds inside and outside bestiaries Austria, Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek   med graec I, fol. 483v
202 Birds inside and outside bestiaries France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   fr. 12400, fol. 30v
203 Many medieval faces of the king of beasts Ireland, Dublin, Trinity College   57, fol. 191v
203 Many medieval faces of the king of beasts England, London, British Library   Harl 1585, fol. 66v
203 Many medieval faces of the king of beasts France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   fr. 19093, fol. 24v
203 Many medieval faces of the king of beasts Germany, Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek   Arab 464, fol. 177r
203 Many medieval faces of the king of beasts France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   arab 5036, fol. 136v
204 Only marginal difference between animals Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana   lat 2761, fol. 36v
205 Belles-Lettres zoology Italy, Milan, Biblioteca Ambrosiana   AF Ar.D .140 inf, fol. 9r
206 Bestiary marvels and monsters and their progeny England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Bodl 602, fol. 3v
206 Bestiary marvels and monsters and their progeny England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Ash 1511 , fol. 22v
206 Bestiary marvels and monsters and their progeny   Conrad Gesner, Historiae animalium (1551), fol. 978
207 Medieval catalogue of monstrous races England, London, British Library   Harl 2799, fol. 243r
208 Monstrous races at home France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   fr. 1377, fol. 27r
208 Monstrous races at home Germany, Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek   Arab 464, fol. 59v
209 Medieval anatomy men England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Ash 399, fol. 18r
209 Medieval anatomy men England, London, India Office Library   MS Persian 2296, unfoliated
210 Other anatomical figures Sweden, Stockholm, Kungliga Biblioteket   MS. X.1 18, no fol. (scroll)
210 Other anatomical figures France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 16169, fol. 59v
211 Anatomy organ by organ I Italy, Pisa, Biblioteca Universitaria   MS Roncioni 99 , fol. 2r
211 Anatomy organ by organ I England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Ash 399, fol. 23r
212 Anatomy organ by organ II England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Ash 399, fol. 13v
212 Anatomy organ by organ II   Primus (liber) Canonis Avicenne principis cum explanatione Jacobi de partibus ... ( 1498), no foliation
213 The eye: Greek into Arabic Egypt, Cairo, National Library   MS Tibb Taymur 100, no folio given
214 The eye: Arabic into Latin England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Digby 77, fol. 7r
215 The eye: the figure as a list of parts England, London, British Library   Slo 981 , fol. 68r
216 The eye: constant text, changed figure England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Ash 424, fol. 65v
216 The eye: constant text, changed figure   Witelo (Vitellionis), Optica ( 1535), fol. 55r
216 The eye: constant text, changed figure   Witelo, Optica (1572), p. 87
216 The eye: constant text, changed figure   Andreas Vesalius, De corporis humani jabrica ( 1543), p. 643
217 The sky of the Egyptians I Egypt, Luxor   Tomb of Senmut at Deir-el-Bahri: ceiling detail
217 The sky of the Egyptians I Egypt, Luxor   Tomb of Seti I (No. 17) in Valley of Kings: ceiling of Hall K, detail
218 The sky of the Egyptians II France, Paris, Louvre   Temple of Bathor at Dendera, ceiling
218 The sky of the Egyptians II England, London, British Library   Coffin lid of Sotor, Luxor: no. 6705
219 The sky of the Babylonians Germany, Berlin, Berlin Museen   cuneiform tablet VAT 7851, front side
220 Earliest extant astronomical treatise France, Paris, Musee du Louvre   Letronne papyrus 1.2.325
221 Depiction of constellations on a sphere Italy, Naples, Museo Nazionale   Farnese globe
222 Heavens by hemisphere Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana   graec 1291 , fol. 2v
222 Heavens by hemisphere Switzerland, Sankt Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek   MS 902, p. 76
223 More than meets the eye Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana ** Barb lat 76, fol. 3r
224 From manuscript to woodcut   Albrecht Dürer, woodcut: Bartsch no. 151
224 From manuscript to woodcut Austria, Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek   5415, fol. 168r
225 Sky as seen then and there Italy, Florence, San Lorenzo   Sagrestia Vecchia, altar ceiling
226 Scholia figurata England, London, British Library   Harl 647, fol. 10v
227 From within and without France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   arab 5036, fols. 118r, 118v
228 Constellation in classical, Arabic and Latin dress Netherlands, Leiden, University Library ** VLQ 79. fol. 30v
228 Constellation in classical, Arabic and Latin dress England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Marsh 144, p. 167
228 Constellation in classical, Arabic and Latin dress Austria, Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek   5318, fols. 26v- 27r
229 Stages of the introduction of the astrological England, London, British Library   Add 23770, fol. 18v
229 Stages of the introduction of the astrological Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana ** Reg lat 1283, fol. 4v
230 Sphaera barbarica Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana ** Reg lat 1283, fol. 9v
230 Sphaera barbarica France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 7330, fol. 10r
231 Planets personified Germany, Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek   CLM 10268, fol. 85r
232 Planets within the zodiac France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 7330, fols. 54v, 55r
233 Black balls on the sun's disk England, Oxford, Corpus Christi College   157, p. 380
234 Moon as seen Germany, Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek   CLM 14353, fol. 77r
234 Moon as seen France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   fr 565, fol. 19v
234 Moon as seen England, London, British Library   Oriental 8349, fol. 72v
235 Bearded stars, torches and daggers France, Bayeux   Bayeux Tapestry
235 Bearded stars, torches and daggers England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Bodl 614, fol. 34r
235 Bearded stars, torches and daggers England, Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Museum   167, fols. 88v- 89r
236 Measuring terrestrial or celestial England, Oxford, Museum of History of Science   brass quadrans vetus
236 Measuring terrestrial or celestial England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Ash 1522, fol. 72r
237 Astrolabe in fact Illinois, Chicago, Adler Planetarium   Astrolabe M-27 (front and back)
238 Astrolabe in manuscript England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Auct F. 5.28, fol. 99v
238 Astrolabe in manuscript France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 7293A, fol. 15r
238 Astrolabe in manuscript France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 74 12, fol. 23v
238 Astrolabe in manuscript England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Ash 1522, fol. 83v
239 Construction detail for a spherical astrolabe Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana   lat 8174, fol. 137r
240 Construction details for a unique astronomical instrument England, Oxford, Corpus Christi College   144, fol. 80r
241 Astronomical instruments in use France, Paris, Bibliothèque de I'Arsenal   MS 1186, fol. 1v
241 Astronomical instruments in use England, London, British Library   Burn 275, fol. 390v
242 Careful construction of an instrument to measure refraction Germany, Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek   CLM 10269, fol. 130r
243 Alchemy's apparatus and operations France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 6514, fols. 68r, 69v
243 Alchemy's apparatus and operations France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 7147, fol. Iv
244 Surgeon's tools Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana   lat 4467, fol. 21r
244 Surgeon's tools Italy, Venice, Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana   VII.32, fol. 38v
245 Pharmacist's means for collection and storage Germany, Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek   CLM 337, fol. 11r
245 Pharmacist's means for collection and storage Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana   Chigi F.VII.159, fol. 224v
246 Heavens and the world year France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 8865 , fol. 56v
247 Cybus elementorum France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 6413, fol. 4v
247 Cybus elementorum England, London, British Library   Cott Tiberius C. I, fol. 6v
247 Cybus elementorum France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 6649, fol. 9r
247 Cybus elementorum Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana   Rossiano 247, fol. 60r
247 Cybus elementorum England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Auct F .2.20, fol. 5v
248 Diagramming rainfall England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Or 77 , fol. 88v
248 Diagramming rainfall England, London, British Library   Add 11943, fol. 29v
248 Diagramming rainfall England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Selden Supra 25, fol. 199v
248 Diagramming rainfall England, London, British Library   Egert 2976, fols. 49v, 50r
248 Diagramming rainfall France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 64 15, fol. 63v
248 Diagramming rainfall England, London, British Library   Harl 4794, fol. 46v
249 Motion of the planets in latitude I Switzerland, Bern, Burgerbibliothek   Bern 347, fol. 25r
249 Motion of the planets in latitude I Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana ** Reg lat 123, fol. 169v
249 Motion of the planets in latitude I England, London, British Library   Roy 13.A.XI, fol. 143v
249 Motion of the planets in latitude I England, Oxford, St John's College   17, fol. 38r
250 Motion of the planets in latitude II England, London, British Library   Egert 2976, fol. 20r
250 Motion of the planets in latitude II England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Digby 107, fol. 20v
250 Motion of the planets in latitude II England, London, British Library   Roy 12.F.X, fol. 20v
251 Tide wheels Belgium, Ghent, Bibliotheek van de Rijksuniversiteit   92, fol. 225r
251 Tide wheels Maryland, Baltimore, Walters   W.73, fol. 8v
251 Tide wheels Germany, Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek   CLM 10268, fol. 33r
252 Shadow cones England, London, British Library   Burn 275, fol. 459v
252 Shadow cones England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Digby 40, fol. 14r
253 How eclipses come about Germany, Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek   Arab 464, fol. 11v
253 How eclipses come about Germany, Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek   CLM 2655, fols. 11 5v- 11 6r
253 How eclipses come about England, London, British Library   Roy 19.C.I, fol. 40v
253 How eclipses come about France, Troyes, Bibliothèque municipale   62, fol. 105v
254 Appealing to geometry in natural philosophy France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   fr. 1082, fols. 150v, 8v
254 Appealing to geometry in natural philosophy Italy, Naples, Biblioteca Nazionale   XIII.G.38, pars II, fol. 113v
254 Appealing to geometry in natural philosophy Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana   Pal lat 1389, fol. 114v
255 The infinite and the continuous Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana   Chigi E. VI.197, fol. 142v
255 The infinite and the continuous Poland, Krakow, BibIioteka Jagiellonska   748, fol. 49r
255 The infinite and the continuous France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   fr. 1082, fol. 55v
256 The calculator: Richard Swineshead Italy, Pavia, BibIioteca Universitaria   Aldini 314, p. 151
256 The calculator: Richard Swineshead Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana   lat 3064, fol. 84r
257 Theories of art France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   graec. 2327, fol. 279r
257 Theories of art France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 7147, fol. 81v
258 The discovery and confirmation of musical ratios England, London, British Library   Add 4913, fol. 17r
258 The discovery and confirmation of musical ratios England, Cambridge, University Library   Ii .3.12, fol. 61v
259 Figurae de infirmitatibus France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 11229, fols, 37v, 31r
260 Uroscopy diagrams England, Cambridge, Trinity College Library   MS 922 (R.14.52), unfoliated
260 Uroscopy diagrams England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Ash 391, fol. 10r
261 De pulsibus Scotland, Edinburgh, University Library   MS 170 (D.b.VI.1 ), fol. 111v
261 De pulsibus England, Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Museum   MS Fr. 298, vol. 81r
262 Fetus in situ and different presentations at birth Germany, Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek   CLM 161, fol. 39v
262 Fetus in situ and different presentations at birth France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 16 169, fol. 134r
263 To live or to die England, London, British Library   Harl 4751, fol. 40r
263 To live or to die England, London, British Library   Cott Tiberius C.I, fol. 7v
264 Incenditur sic: where to cauterize England, London, British Library   Slo 1975, fol. 92v
265 It es gude for to blede England, London, British Library   Egert 2572, fol. 50r
265 It es gude for to blede England, London, British Library   Harl 3719, fols. 158v- 159r
265 It es gude for to blede England, London, British Library   Egert 2572, fol. 61r
265 It es gude for to blede England, London, British Library   Add 29301 , fol. 44v
266 Medicine and the heavens France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 7028, fol. 154r
266 Medicine and the heavens France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 11229, fol. 45r
266 Medicine and the heavens England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Ash 391(V), fol. 9r
266 Medicine and the heavens England, Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Museum   167, fol. 102r
267 Portable basics for diagnosis and therapy England, London, Wellcome Institute   medical girdle book
268 Wound men Czech Republic, Prague, Universitni Knihovna   MS Raudnitz IV.fc.29, fol. 98r
268 Wound men Denmark, Copenhagen, Kongelige Bibliotek   MS Kgl. Saml. 84b, fol. 3r
269 Surgical cures England, London, British Library   Add 29301, fol. 25r
269 Surgical cures Italy, Bologna, Biblioteca Universitaria   graec. 3632, fol. 383r
270 Theory behind medication Italy, Florence, Bibioteca Medicea Laurenziana   Pal lat 586, fol. 17v
270 Theory behind medication Austria, Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek   n.s. 2644, fol. 21r
271 Anatomy of the brain and the functions of the soul England, London, British Library   Add 22553, fol. 1v
271 Anatomy of the brain and the functions of the soul England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Can Misc 366, fol. 1v
271 Anatomy of the brain and the functions of the soul Czech Republic, Prague, Universitni Knihovna   IV.F. 18, fol. 143v
271 Anatomy of the brain and the functions of the soul England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Ash 399, fols. 22v-23r
272 Egyptian cosmos England, London, British Museum ** EA10554,87
272 Egyptian cosmos Egypt, Luxor   Tomb of Seti I, Valley of the Kings
273 In principio creavit Deus celum et terram Austria, Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek   2554, fol. 1r
273 In principio creavit Deus celum et terram England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Bodl 270b, fol. 4r
273 In principio creavit Deus celum et terram England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Ash 1511 , fol. 6v
274 Christian-Platonic world France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 6734, fols. 3v, Iv
275 Scale of being France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 6734, fol. 2v
275 Scale of being France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 3236A, fol. 90r
275 Scale of being Germany, Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek   CLM 26838, fol. 80r
276 Shape and strata of the universe I England, London, British Library   Ar 83, fol. 123r
276 Shape and strata of the universe I England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Digby 107, fol. 51r
276 Shape and strata of the universe I England, London, British Library   Roy 19.C.I, fol. 34v
277 Shape and strata of the universe II Germany, Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek   CLM 10268, fol. 22r
277 Shape and strata of the universe II Germany, Wiesbaden, Nassauische Landesbibliothek   B, fol. 14r
278 Music of the spheres England, London, Lambeth Palace Library   67, fol. 111v,
278 Music of the spheres Germany, Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek   CLM 210, fol. 123r
278 Music of the spheres France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   fr. 1082, fol. 127v
279 Habitable and uninhabitable: zones of the earth France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 6649, fol. 8v
279 Habitable and uninhabitable: zones of the earth Austria, Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek   12600, fol. 75r
279 Habitable and uninhabitable: zones of the earth England, Oxford, St John's College   17, fol. 40r
279 Habitable and uninhabitable: zones of the earth England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Laud Misc 356, fol. 120r
279 Habitable and uninhabitable: zones of the earth England, London, British Library   Oriental 8349 , fol. 65v
280 The winds France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 6413, fol. 27v
280 The winds Maryland, Baltimore, Walters   W.73, fol 1v,
280 The winds Germany, Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek   CLM 210, fol. 139r
280 The winds England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Douce 117, fol. 6r
281 The elements alone Austria, Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek   12600, fol. 30r
281 The elements alone Italy, Naples, Biblioteca Nazionale   XIII.G.38, pars II , fol. 62r
282 Platonic theory of the elements France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 7361, fol. 51v
282 Platonic theory of the elements Italy, Anagni Cathedral   crypt fresco
283 More Platonic numbers Belgium, Brussels, Bibliotheque royale   MSroy. II .1639, fol. 6v
283 More Platonic numbers Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana ** Reg lat 123, fol. 129r
283 More Platonic numbers England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Digby 23, fol. 25v
284 Aristotelian theory of the elements Germany, Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek   210, fol. 132v
284 Aristotelian theory of the elements England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Digby 75, fol. 129r
284 Aristotelian theory of the elements Italy, Florence, Bibioteca Medicea Laurenziana   Ashburnam 1166, fol. 8r
285 Platonic plus Aristotelian England, Oxford, St John's College   17, fol. 13r
285 Platonic plus Aristotelian England, London, British Library   Roy 12.F.X, fol. 2r
285 Platonic plus Aristotelian England, London, British Library   Add 18210, fol. 69r
286 Microcosm-Macrocosm France, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France   lat 6413, fol. 5v
287 World as quadripartite England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Digby 107, fol. 52r
287 World as quadripartite England, Cambridge, Gonville and Caius College   MS 428/428, fol. 50r
288 Man and the four elements Austria, Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek   12600, fol. 29r
288 Man and the four elements Germany, Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek   CLM 13002, fol. 7v
288 Man and the four elements Belgium, Brussels, Bibliotheque royale   Roy. 9094, fol. 45r
289 An encyclopedic spread England, Oxford, Bodleian Library   Digby 23, fols. 51v- 54v


Notes

The names of libraries and the shelfmarks have been updated where Murdoch's references were found to be no longer current. There are 473 rows in the table, not for every folio (there are in fact nearly 500 images in the book), but for every reference. Some codices are referred to in multiple places in the album. This table is based on my own spreadsheet containing more comprehensive notes. You are welcome to cut and paste the table above into MS Excel or some other spreadsheet program: this will provide you a place to add your own private notes, and will enable you to sort the table in other ways that you may find useful for teaching or research.

If you can supply links to further images, please write to me (see the contact page) or use the comments box on my blog. Please report any OCR errors in the table and these will be corrected.

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