Chorographic Diagrams

Before maps, chorographic diagrams were the most common graphic means of recording landscapes. Chorography puts the focus on human uses of land: the points of interest, inhabitants, resources and the opportunities and obstacles the land poses to travel. A chorographic chart may look like a map, yet it is not a map, since it may offer a subtle variety of perspectives and orientations and neglects to provide the consistent scale which would make it a useful means to reliably plan a journey across the landscape.

Only three chorographic charts survive from antiquity:

The modern equivalents of the chorographic diagram are the panorama charts of mountain recreation areas which are drawn from an oblique angle and show just enough of peaks, cliffs, ski-runs and trails to orient a visitor.